Cavus foot

A cavus foot deformity is a condition where the foot’s arch is abnormally high. When this occurs, the body’s weight is directed only to the ball and heel of the foot, resulting in pain and damage to the foot’s structure.


Cavus foot is usually an inherited abnormality present at birth. However, cavus foot deformities can develop later in life due to a number of factors, including stroke, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, muscular dystrophy, and spinal cord injuries.


An unusually high arch present when standing is the primary symptom of a cavus foot deformity. Because the ball and heel of the foot withstand the weight of the body, foot pain, corns, calluses, and an inward-tilting heel are all common.


A physician will conduct a physical exam to diagnose cavus foot deformities. Other tests, including x-rays, MRIs, and nerve conduction studies, may also be used to properly diagnose the condition.


If a cavus foot deformity is present at birth, orthotic devices and braces may be used to support the foot. Anti-inflammatory medications and icing are also effective in managing pain. If a cavus foot deformity is the result of other factors such as nerve and muscle disorders, the underlying cause will need to be treated and surgery may be required.

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